Assignments for this coming week:
Week 6 Reading: Meggs’ History of Graphic Design, Chapters 10 & 11
Last week we discussed Chapter 9: Graphic Design and the The Industrial Revolution.
We now move on to read Chapters 10 & 11, with a special note below.
On Thursday, Sept. 29, we will NOT meet in our classroom, we will meet PROMPTLY at 2pm, for a Library Orientation Tour with Pam Posz.
Please meet Pam and I on the second floor of the Library at the big windows (near the elevators) at 2pm. The session will last 50 to 60 minutes.
Chapter 10: The Arts and Crafts Movement
The Arts and Crafts movement was an international movement in the decorative and fine arts that began in Britain and flourished in Europe and North America between 1880 and 1910, emerging in Japan in the 1920s. It stood for traditional craftsmanship using simple forms, and often used medieval, romantic, or folk styles of decoration. It advocated economic and social reform and was essentially anti-industrial. It had a strong influence on the arts in Europe until it was displaced by Modernism in the 1930s, and its influence continued among craft makers, designers, and town planners long afterwards. In the United States, the Arts and Crafts movement is also known as the American Craftsman movement.
Another informative link is The Craftsman Perspective.
The Arts and Crafts Movement in America from The MET
The Arts and Crafts Movementfrom the Victoria and Albert Museum in London
Style Guide: Arts & Crafts (also from V&A)
Chapter 11: Art Nouveau
Art Nouveau Art Nouveau is an international style of art, architecture and applied art, especially the decorative arts, that was most popular between 1890 and 1910. A reaction to the academic art of the 19th century, it was inspired by natural forms and structures, not only in flowers and plants, but also in curved lines.
English uses the French name Art Nouveau (“new art”), but the style has many different names in other languages: in Austria it is known as Secessionsstil after Wiener Secession, in Spanish Modernismo, in Catalan Modernisme, in Czech Secese, in Danish Skønvirke or Jugendstil, in Germany Jugendstil, Art nouveau or Reformstil, in Hungarian Szecesszió, in Italian L’Art Nouveau, Stile floreale or Stile Liberty, in Norwegian Jugendstil, in Polish Secesja, in Slovak Secesia, in Russian Модерн (Modern), and in Swedish Jugend.
Art Nouveau is considered a “total” art style, embracing architecture, graphic art, interior design, and most of the decorative arts including jewellery, furniture, textiles, household silver and other utensils, and lighting, as well as the fine arts. According to the philosophy of the style, art should be a way of life. For many well-off Europeans, it was possible to live in an art nouveau-inspired house with art nouveau furniture, silverware, fabrics, ceramics including tableware, jewellery, cigarette cases, etc. Artists desired to combine the fine arts and applied arts, even for utilitarian objects.
Although Art Nouveau was replaced by 20th-century Modernist styles, it is now considered as an important transition between the eclectic historic revival styles of the 19th century and Modernism.
Art Nouveau from The MET
Art Nouveau from the Victoria and Albert Museum in London