Assignments for this coming week:
Week 5 Reading: Meggs’ History of Graphic Design, Chapters 9 & 10
Chapter 9: Graphic Design and the Industrial Revolution
The Industrial Revolution, which is usually said to have occurred first in England between 1760 and 1840, was a radical process of social and economic change. Energy was a major impetus for the conversion from an agricultural society to an industrial one. Until James Watt (1736–1819) perfected the steam engine, which was deployed rapidly starting in the 1780s, animal and human power were the primary sources of energy. Over the course of the nineteenth century, the amount of energy generated by steam power increased a hundredfold. During the last three decades of the century, electricity and gasoline-fueled engines further expanded productivity. A factory system with machine manufacturing and divisions of labor was developed. New materials, particularly iron and steel, became available.
Chapter 10: The Arts and Crafts Movement
The Arts and Crafts movement was an international movement in the decorative and fine arts that began in Britain and flourished in Europe and North America between 1880 and 1910, emerging in Japan in the 1920s. It stood for traditional craftsmanship using simple forms, and often used medieval, romantic, or folk styles of decoration. It advocated economic and social reform and was essentially anti-industrial. It had a strong influence on the arts in Europe until it was displaced by Modernism in the 1930s, and its influence continued among craft makers, designers, and town planners long afterwards. In the United States, the Arts and Crafts movement is also known as the American Craftsman movement.
Another informative link is The Craftsman Perspective.
Wanna go deep, I mean really deep? Check out Dan Carlin’s Hardcore History – quite simply epic podcasting. Be careful, these are addicting, brilliant, passionate.