Assignments for this coming week:
Week 3 Reading: Meggs’ History of Graphic Design
Part Two: A Graphic Renaissance: The Origins of European Typography and Design for Printing
Chapter 5: Printing Comes to Europe
Chapter 6: The German Illustrated Book
The Power of Printing
Gutenberg’s innovation would change the map of Europe, weaken the power of the Catholic Church, and shift centers of learning and knowledge from religious to secular – all within less than 50 years.
In 1455, there were no printing presses in Europe. By 1500, presses were operating in 245 cities, from Stockholm to Palermo. Before 1455, there were no printed texts in Europe. By 1500, over 20 million books had been printed – one book for every five people living in Western Europe. No previous invention in human history had spread so far, so fast.
Depiction of Johannes Gutenberg
This 4 min. video below is a powerpoint show, no sound
Gutenberg’s moveable type
Close up from Gutenberg Bible printed page with Illuminations
One of the Gutenberg Bibles
A Gutenberg-style printing press
One of the amazing Albrecht Dürer self-portraits!