Assignments for this coming week:
Week 10 Reading: Meggs’ History of Graphic Design, Chapter 16
The Bauhaus and the New Typography
Staatliches Bauhaus, commonly known simply as Bauhaus, was an art school in Germany that combined crafts and the fine arts, and was famous for the approach to design that it publicised and taught. It operated from 1919 to 1933. At that time, the German term About this sound “bauhaus” —literally “construction house”—was understood as meaning “School of Building”.
The Bauhaus was founded by Walter Gropius in Weimar. In spite of its name and the fact that its founder was an architect, the Bauhaus did not have an architecture department during its first years of existence. Nonetheless, it was founded with the idea of creating a “total” work of art (Gesamtkunstwerk) in which all arts, including architecture, would eventually be brought together. The Bauhaus style later became one of the most influential currents in modern design, Modernist architecture and art, design and architectural education. The Bauhaus had a profound influence upon subsequent developments in art, architecture, graphic design, interior design, industrial design, and typography.
“It is obvious,” wrote Aldous Huxley in 1928, “that the machine is here to stay. Whole armies of William Morrises and Tolstoys could not now expel it . … Let us then exploit it to create beauty- a modern beauty, while we are about it.” Ideas from all the advanced art and design movements were explored, combined, and applied to problems of functional design and machine production at a German design school: the Bauhaus. Twentieth-century furniture, architecture, product design, and graphics were shaped by the work of its faculty and students, and a modern design aesthetic emerged.
|Agfa Monotype Corporation|
|Die Neue Typographie|
|Georgii and Vladimir Stenberg|
|Hendrik N. Werkman|
|John llmari Auerbach|
|Ludwig Mies van der Rohe|